Annie Emma Allen was born on 1st
November c.1852; one of an extensive and well-known Pembrokeshire landowning
family. Her brothers included an eminent archaeologist, a County Court Judge
and another who emigrated to Shanghai. Annie however, was no less of an
adventurer and lived with at least two of her sisters at Cilrhiw, near
Her home, ‘a Georgian residence…on (the) Slebech estate’ was ‘greatly improved’ by her grandfather
Lancelot Bough Allen, and by the 1910s, Annie and her sister Rachel were
hosting community teas and ‘fundraising
bazaars’ in the house and gardens.
A devoted Christian, Annie dedicated much of her time and wealth to charitable pursuits from sending gifts to wounded soldiers at Cottesmore Auxiliary Hospital during WWI to ‘(giving) the children lessons in sewing’ at Narberth Workhouse. Such was their benevolence towards the workhouse ‘inmates’, the site of the building is now known as ‘Allensbank’.
As well as having ‘entertained the (workhouse) girls to a tea party’ or ‘(holding) a service’ there, the Allen
sisters also took a pro-active approach to improving the day to day lives of
the poor. In December 1909, Kate Allen wrote to the Narberth Board of Guardians
to ‘draw (their) attention…to the fact
that the children in the Workhouse are suffering from an epidemic of whooping
cough, and that one child has been very seriously ill indeed…’ She
continues: ‘the other children are not
receiving proper attention. They have not had any regular outdoor exercise for
more than a month; their clothes are not tidy and they are not kept personally
clean’. Kate continued to use her influence to exert pressure on the
guardians writing: ‘To sum up, I feel
sure that the Guardians will see that it is their duty to take immediate steps
to ameliorate the condition of the children in the Narberth Workhouse, which is
at present deplorable’.
In her younger years Annie Allen was fortunate to travel extensively. Her personal archive of watercolour paintings provide an insight into day to day life in a village community in Uganda. Although controversial to modern audiences, Annie saw it as her Christian duty to travel to Africa ‘under the Church Missionary Society’. However, while there, she sketched the homes of the people, the tools they used and individuals going about their daily life.
Evidence suggests that Annie represented more than the mere weight of the British Empire and made real efforts to embed herself within the community. She was ‘sent to assist at the hospital at Kampala…(where she) continued to run the hospital until the arrival of a doctor a year later’. She also ‘opened a school and taught there for many years’ and the ‘King of Toro was born during her residence there and Miss Allen became his Godmother’ (Pembrokeshire Herald & General Advertiser, 1909-10).
Annie Allen died in December 1941, aged 89
years and her ethnographical collection is held in the archive at Narberth
Ganed Annie Emma
Allen ar 1 Tachwedd, tua 1852; roedd yn un o deulu o berchnogion tir helaeth ac
adnabyddus yn Sir Benfro. Roedd ei brodyr yn cynnwys archeolegydd enwog, Barnwr
yn y Llys Sirol ac un arall a allfudodd i Shanghai. Roedd Annie hithau yn ddigon
o anturiaethwraig hefyd, a bu’n byw gydag o leiaf dwy o’i chwiorydd yng
Nghilrhiw, ger Arberth.
chartref, ‘preswylfa Georgaidd…ar ystad Slebets, wedi ei wella’n
sylweddol’ gan ei thad-cu, Lancelot Bough Allen, ac erbyn y 1910au,
roedd Annie a’i chwaer Rachel yn cynnal te cymunedol a’r hyn y cyfeiriwyd atynt
fel ‘fundraising bazaars’ yn y tŷ a’r gerddi.
Gristion selog, a chysegrodd lawer o’i hamser a’i chyfoeth at ddibenion
elusennol, o anfon rhoddion at filwyr clwyfedig yn Ysbyty Ategol Cottesmore yn
ystod y Rhyfel Byd Cyntaf i roi gwersi gwnio i’r plant yn Wyrcws Arberth. Roedd
eu haelioni tuag at y rheiny a oedd yn byw yn y wyrcws gymaint nes bod safle’r
adeilad yn cael ei adwaen hyd heddiw fel ‘Allensbank’.
Yn ogystal â ‘difyrru merched y (wyrcws) gyda the parti’ neu
‘(gynnal) gwasanaeth’ yno, chwaraeodd y chwiorydd Allen ran ragweithiol wrth
wella bywydau beunyddiol y tlawd. Ym mis Rhagfyr 1909, ysgrifennodd Kate Allen
at Fwrdd Gwarcheidwaid Arberth i wneud yr hyn a gofnodwyd fel ‘draw (their)
attention…to the fact that the children in the Workhouse are suffering from
an epidemic of whooping cough, and that one child has been very seriously ill
indeed…’ Mae’n parhau: ‘the other children are not receiving proper
attention. They have not had any regular outdoor exercise for more than a
month; and; their clothes are not tidy and they are not kept personally clean’.
ddefnyddio’i dylanwad i bwyso ar y gwarcheidwaid ac ysgrifenodd: ‘To sum up,
I feel sure that the Guardians will see that it is their duty to take immediate
steps to ameliorate the condition of the children in the Narberth Workhouse,
which is at present deplorable’
Yn ei blynyddoedd
ieuengach roedd Annie Allen yn ddigon ffodus i deithio’n helaeth. Mae ei
harchif bersonol o baentiadau dyfrlliw yn gipolwg gwerthfawr ar hyn. Teimlai
Annie fod arni ddyletswydd fel Cristion i deithio i Affrica ‘dan Gymdeithas
Genhadol yr Eglwys’. Serch hynny, tra yno, cafodd ei ‘hanfon i gynorthwyo yn yr ysbyty yn Kampala…(lle) parhaodd i redeg yr ysbyty hyd nes i feddyg gyrraedd
flwyddyn yn ddiweddarach’. Agorodd
ysgol hefyd, ac ‘addysgodd yno am flynyddoedd lawer’ a ‘Ganed Brenin Toro yn ystod ei chyfnod preswyl
yno a daeth Miss Allen yn fam fedydd arno (Pembrokeshire Herald & General Advertiser, 1909-10). Mae’r dystiolaeth yn
awgrymubod Annie yn uchel ei pharch ymhlith y rheiny a gyfarfu
ar ei theithiau, a’i bod hi a’i chwiorydd yn ymarferol ac yn hael gyda’u
Bu farw Annie
Allen ym mis Rhagfyr 1941, yn 89 oed ac mae ei chasgliad o ethnograffeg yn yr
archif yn Amgueddfa Arberth.